India’s Present Education System
The current education system in India is an implantation of British rulers. Wood’s Dispatch of 1854 laid the foundations of the present education system in India. Before the arrival of the British in India, the education system was private one. With the introduction of Wood’s Dispatch, known as Magna Carta of Indian education, the scenario changed. The main purpose of it was to prepare Indian Clerks for running local administration. Under it the means of school education were the vernacular, while higher education was given in English only. British government started giving funds to indigenous schools in need of help and thus slowly some of the schools became government-aided.
Consider the new system was introduced by Mahatma Gandhi expressed his anguish in the following words, ” I say without fear of my figures being challenged successfully, that today India is more illiterate than fifty or one hundred years ago, and so is Burma, because the British administrators, when they came to India, instead of taking hold of things as they were, began to uproot. They scratched the soil and began to look at the root, and left the root of that, and the beautiful tree perished. village schools were not good enough for the British administrator, so it came out with its program. Each school must have so much paraphernalia, buildings, etc. Well, no such schools at all. There are statistics for British administrator which show that, in places where they have conducted a survey, ancient schools have gone overboard, because there was no recognition for these schools, and schools established on the European model were too expensive for the people, and therefore could not beat the deal. challenge anyone to comply with a program of free and compulsory primary education of these masses inside of a century. This country poor me sick to maintain an expensive method of education. Our State is to revive the old village schoolmaster and dot every village with a school for both boys and girls. “
The current education system in India can be divided into several stages:
- Pre- Primary – It consists of children of 3-5 years of age studying in nursery, lower kindergarten and upper kindergarten. At this stage student is given knowledge about school life and is taught to read and write some basic words.
- Primary – It includes the age group of children of 6-11 years studying in classes from first to fifth.
- Middle – It consists of children studying in classes from sixth to eighth.
- Secondary – it includes students studying in classes ninth and tenth.
- Higher Secondary – Includes students studying in eleventh and twelfth classes.
- Undergraduate – Here, a student goes through higher education, which is completed in college. This course may vary according to the subject pursued by the student. For medical student this stage is of four and a half years plus one year of compulsory internship, while a simple graduate degree can be attained in three years.
- Postgraduate – After completing graduation a student may opt for post graduation to further to add their qualifications.
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